Mnemonic Device:


Explanation: To remember the general & preferred format in persuasive legal writing (e.g., Trial Brief on a Motion).

  • C – State Conclusion on the issue (legal question).
  • R – Rule of Law applied in making conclusion.
  • E – Explanation of the Rule of Law (usually by pointing out its application by the courts in similar cases).
  • A – Application of the Rule of Law to the facts of the present case.
  • C – Restate conclusion as summary of the outcome derived from the Application to the present case.

Additional Note: When writing an objective legal document (e.g., interoffice memorandum), there may be variations in using CREAC or IRAC, depending on preference.

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